Europe in the 11th century

New perspectives on the 11th century in European history

In this series, Charles West explores different perspectives on the eleventh century in European history, interviewing experts across Europe and the world.
Monday, April 25, 2022

Episode 10: state formation in north-western Iberia with Alvaro Carvajal (Spain)

Ep. 10
Northwestern Iberia is renowned amongst medievalists for its wealth of charters. In this episode, I talk to Alvaro Carvajal Castro about how historians are using these documents in concert with archaeology to investigate social and political changes in the 10th and 11th centuries, as kings and elites increasingly intruded upon long-established peasant communities.Works mentioned in the podcastCarvajal Castro, Alvaro, 'Early Medieval Commons? Or How the History of Early Medieval Europe Could Benefit from a Necessary Conversation: The Case From NW Iberia', International Journal of the Commons, 15(1) (2021), 338–353. DOI: Castro, Álvaro and Tejerizo-García, Carlos (eds.), El Estado y la Alta Edad Media (Bilbao, Forthcoming).Davies, Wendy, Windows on Justice in Northern Iberia, 800-1000 (London, 2016)Escalona, Julio, and Iñaki Martín Viso. "The Life and Death of an Historiographical Folly: The Early Medieval Depopulation And Repopulation of the Duero Basin." In Beyond the Reconquista: New Directions in the History of Medieval Iberia (711–1085), edited by Simon Barton and Robert Portass, 21-51. Leiden: Brill, 2020.Quirós Castillo, Juan Antonio. "An Archaeology of “Small Worlds”: Social Inequality in Early Medieval Iberian Rural Communities." Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies 12, no. 1 (2020): 3-27.Music: Karen Gomyo (CC BY-NC 3.0)Image: Escorial Beatus, B_Escorial_a.jpg (1650×1928) (
Wednesday, April 20, 2022

Episode 9: monasticism with Steven Vanderputten (Belgium)

Ep. 9
What does the eleventh century mean for monastic history? In this podcast, I'm joined by Professor Steven Vanderputten to talk about his latest research on monastic leadership and collaboration around the year 1000.Works mentioned in the podcast:Bruce, Scott and Vanderputten, Steven, eds., A Companion to the Abbey of Cluny in the Middle Ages (2022)Lawrence, C.H., Medieval Monasticism. Forms of religious life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages (London, 1989)Vanderputten, Steven, "'Columbanus wore a single cowl, not a double one": The "Vita deicoli" and the legacy of Columbanian monasticism at the turn of the first millenium', Traditio 76 (2021) p. 157-184Vanderputten, Steven, '"Against the Custom": Hagiographical Rewriting and Female Abbatial Leadership at Mid-Eleventh-Century Remiremont'; Journal of Medieval Monastic Studies 10 (2021), 41-66Vanderputten, Steven, Medieval monasticisms: forms and experiences of the monastic life in the Latin West (2020)Vanderputten, Steven, 'Pope Leo IX and the (Quasi-)Canonization of St Deodatus (1049). Hagiography, Papal Politics, and Local Competition at the Collegiate Chapter of Saint-Dié', Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique (2022), forthcomingVanderputten, Steven and De Gussem, Jeroen, 'Monachus ac Sacerdos Peregrinus: A Stylometric and Contextual Re-investigation of the Work of Theoderic of Fleury/Trier/Amorbach (fl. 970s–1020s)', forthcomingVanderputten, Steven, ed., Rethinking Reform in the High Middle Ages, 900-1150, forthcomingMusic: Karen Gomyo (CC BY-NC 3.0)Image: Bamberg SB MS Lit.142, fol. 65r