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  • 9. Rui Liu | Towards Resource-adaptive Query Execution in Cloud Native Databases | #49

    53:52
    In this episode, we talk to Rui Liu and explore the transformative potential of Ratchet, a groundbreaking resource-adaptive query execution framework. We delve into the challenges posed by ephemeral resources in modern cloud environments and the innovative solutions offered by Ratchet. Rui guides us through the intricacies of Ratchet's design, highlighting its ability to enable adaptive query suspension and resumption, sophisticated resource arbitration for diverse workloads, and a fine-grained pricing model to navigate fluctuating resource availability. Join us as we uncover the future of cloud-native databases and workloads, and discover how Ratchet is poised to revolutionize the way we harness the power of dynamic cloud resources.Links:CIDR'24 PaperRui's LinkedIn Rui's Twitter/XRui's HomepageYou can find links to all Rui's work from his Google Scholar profile.

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  • 8. Yifei Yang | Predicate Transfer: Efficient Pre-Filtering on Multi-Join Queries | #48

    47:37
    In this episode, Yifei Yang introduces predicate transfer, a revolutionary method for optimizing join performance in databases. Predicate transfer builds on Bloom joins, extending its benefits to multi-table joins. Inspired by Yannakakis's theoretical insights, predicate transfer leverages Bloom filters to achieve significant speed improvements. Yang's evaluation shows an average 3.3× performance boost over Bloom join on the TPC-H benchmark, highlighting the potential of predicate transfer to revolutionize database query optimization. Join us as we explore the transformative impact of predicate transfer on database operations.Links:CIDR'24 PaperYifei's LinkedInBuy Me A CoffeeListener Survey
  • 7. Vikramank Singh | Panda: Performance Debugging for Databases using LLM Agents | #47

    01:08:12
    In this episode, Vikramank Singh introduces the Panda framework, aimed at refining Large Language Models' (LLMs) capability to address database performance issues. Vikramank elaborates on Panda's four components—Grounding, Verification, Affordance, and Feedback—illustrating how they collaborate to contextualize LLM responses and deliver actionable recommendations. By bridging the divide between technical knowledge and practical troubleshooting needs, Panda has the potential to revolutionize database debugging practices, offering a promising avenue for more effective and efficient resolution of performance challenges in database systems. Tune in to learn more! Links:CIDR'24 PaperVikramank's LinkedIn
  • 6. Tamer Eldeeb | Chablis: Fast and General Transactions in Geo-Distributed Systems | #46

    01:02:27
    In this episode, Tamer Eldeeb sheds light on the challenges faced by geo-distributed database management systems (DBMSes) in supporting strictly-serializable transactions across multiple regions. He discusses the compromises often made between low-latency regional writes and restricted programming models in existing DBMS solutions. Tamer introduces Chablis, a groundbreaking geo-distributed, multi-versioned transactional key-value store designed to overcome these limitations.Chablis offers a general interface accommodating range and point reads, along with writes within multi-step strictly-serializable ACID transactions. Leveraging advancements in low-latency datacenter networks and innovative DBMS designs, Chablis eliminates the need for compromises, ensuring fast read-write transactions with low latency within a single region, while enabling global strictly-serializable lock-free snapshot reads. Join us as we explore the transformative potential of Chablis in revolutionizing the landscape of geo-distributed DBMSes and facilitating seamless transactional operations across distributed environments.CIDR'24 Chablis PaperOSDI'23 Chardonnay paperTamer's Linkedin
  • 5. Matt Butrovich | Tigger: A Database Proxy That Bounces With User-Bypass | #45

    01:03:55
    Summary: In this episode, we chat to Matt Butrovich about his research on database proxies. We discuss the inefficiencies of traditional database proxies, which operate in user-space, causing overhead due to buffer copying and system calls. Matt introduces "user-bypass" which leverages Linux's eBPF infrastructure to move application logic into kernel-space. Matt then tells us about Tigger, a PostgreSQL-compatible DBMS proxy, showcasing user-bypass benefits. Tune in to hear about the experiments that demonstrate how Tigger can achieve up to a 29% reduction in transaction latencies and a 42% reduction in CPU utilization compared to other widely-used proxies.Links: Matt's homepageVLDB'23 paperTigger's Github repo
  • 4. Gábor Szárnyas | The LDBC Social Network Benchmark: Business Intelligence Workload | #44

    46:34
    Summary: In this episode, Gábor Szárnyas takes us on a journey through the LDBC Social Network Benchmark's Business Intelligence workload (SNB BI). Developed through collaboration between academia and industry the SNB BI is a comprehensive graph OLAP benchmark. It pushes the boundaries of synthetic and scalable analytical database benchmarks, featuring a sophisticated data generator and a temporal graph with small-world phenomena. The benchmark's query workload, rooted in LDBC's innovative design methodology, aims to drive future technical advancements in graph database systems. Gabor highlights SNB BI's unique features, including the adoption of "parameter curation" for stable query runtimes across diverse parameters. Join us for a succinct yet insightful exploration of SNB BI, where Gábor Szárnyas unveils the intricacies shaping the forefront of analytical data systems and graph workloads.Links: VLDB'23 PaperGabor's HomepageLDBC HomepageLDBC GitHub
  • 3. Thaleia Doudali | Is Machine Learning Necessary for Cloud Resource Usage Forecasting? | #43

    49:13
    Summary:In this week's episode, we talk with Thaleia Doudali and explore the realm of cloud resource forecasting, focusing on the use of Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) neural networks, a popular machine learning model. Drawing from her research, Thaleia discusses the surprising discovery that, despite the complexity of ML models, accurate predictions often boil down to a simple shift of values by one time step. The discussion explores the nuances of time series data, encompassing resource metrics like CPU, memory, network, and disk I/O across different cloud providers and levels. Thaleia highlights the minimal variations observed in consecutive time steps, prompting a critical question: Do we really need complex machine learning models for effective forecasting? The episode concludes with Thaleia's vision for practical resource management systems, advocating for a thoughtful balance between simple solutions, such as data shifts, and the application of machine learning. Tune in as we unravel the layers of cloud resource forecasting with Thaleia Doudali.Links:SoCC'23 PaperThaleia's HomepageIMDEA Software HomepageGitHub Repo