The Future Car: A Siemens Podcast

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Meeting the Challenges of Design Complexity in the Automotive Industry with Nand Kochhar

Season 2, Ep. 24

The layers of complexity in the automotive industry continue to increase as consumers demand more sustainable and fuel-efficient vehicles. Along with those demands, the changing government regulations also pose additional challenges that the industry must find new and innovative ways of meeting. 


These multifaceted needs are being met through the adoption of systems engineering, and the continued introduction of electrical and software systems throughout the automotive industry. 


My guest today is Nand Kochhar, Vice President of Automotive and Transportation for Siemens Software. He understands first hand the challenges being faced by the industry today, how Model Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) plays a role, and solutions being developed to make these complex problems much easier to solve. 


In this episode, we’ll talk about how the industry has evolved in terms of software and systems engineering, and how real customers are meeting the challenges of a more complex design process. We’ll also discuss the importance of interconnectivity, and how the digital twin makes that process easier for companies by embracing digital solutions. 


Some Questions I Ask:

  • How does the software and systems engineering of today compare to the early days of the automotive efforts in this space? (3:50)
  • How does software and systems engineering apply to electrification? (7:59)
  • How do you see the role of model-based systems engineering and the approach with software and systems engineering changing over the next decade? (10:21)


What You’ll Learn in this Episode:

  • How electronics and software development have changed how automakers develop vehicles (00:27)
  • How the industry is adapting to increased complexity (2:17)
  • Where the system of systems concept comes into play (5:42)
  • The various considerations of electric versus gasoline in the manufacturing process (10:49)
  • How a Model Based Systems Engineering approach supports product development (11:54)
  • How one company is succeeding in developing more complex vehicle design (12:56)


Connect with Nand Kochhar:

LinkedIn


Connect with Conor Peick:

LinkedIn

More Episodes

5/5/2021

Part 2: How Virtual Reality is Making Mobility Accessible for Everyone with Sofia Lewandowski

Season 2, Ep. 25
As we continue to steer towards a more mobility-inclusive future, there’s a restructuring that needs to take place. This goes for our perceptions of what is possible in terms of automated transportation, and how we make sure that this technology wave is being executed in terms of production. You might say it’s a restructuring from the factory floor up.Artificial Intelligence is entering our workspace in subtle ways already, but the future is proving bright for AI in more direct operations too. It’s being used as a training tool for machine operators, and it’s providing valuable information that operators, designers, and managers can use to change how we do things, improving training access and efficiency along the way.In this episode of the Women Driving the Future series, Ed Bernardon continues his conversation with Sofia Lewandowski. As a Senior UX Researcher, IoT & Industry 4.0 at FactoryPal, her work happens directly on the factory floor where she can help shape both the design and assembly process. The virtual environment she’s created has paved the way for accessible mobility for the masses.In this follow-up episode, we’ll learn the different mindset around creating vehicles versus establishing the groundwork for building better, more accessible vehicles. She’ll share what she’s learned from working remotely during the pandemic, and how it may be shifting the future of how we work. You’ll also hear her perspective on women working in the software and automotive industries.Some Questions I Ask:What kinds of machines are you working with on the factory floor? (1:51)How is AI used in this application? (2:45)What’s different about the goals working at HFM versus FactoryPal? (7:21)How do you think people feel about artificial intelligence? (10:23)How do you think the role of women compares in the automotive and software industries? (22:13)What You’ll Learn in this Episode:How FactoryPal is helping machine operators (0:44)Training through experience versus AI (4:51)Where the fear around AI comes from (13:09)How the pandemic has shaped the future of work (18:45)How AV’s might help impatient drivers (24:38)Connect With Sofia Lewandowski:LinkedInConnect with Ed Bernardon:LinkedInFuture Car: Driving a Lifestyle RevolutionMotorsports is speeding the way to safer urban mobilitySiemens Digital Industries Software
4/21/2021

How Virtual Reality is Making Mobility Accessible for Everyone with Sofia Lewandowski

Season 2, Ep. 23
The promise of technology is to make life easier for everyone. In order to achieve that, designers have to understand the full range of the audience they’re designing for. Nowhere is that more challenging than when trying to understand the diversity of mental and physical disabilities that prevent people from accessing independent mobility.Traditional design methods can’t possibly take into account the individual challenges that represent this segment of the population. In order to understand the needs of people with disabilities, we have to think outside of the box. Designers have to consider a wide range of options for operations like lifting a handle, opening a door, starting an engine, and safely operating a vehicle.In this episode of the Women Driving the Future series, Ed Bernardon interviews Sofia Lewandowski. She’s a Senior UX Researcher, IoT & Industry 4.0 at FactoryPal, where she works directly on the factory floor to help design and create vehicles that work for everyone. Rather than assuming an understanding of the unique needs of the disabled, Lewandowski created a virtual environment that enabled people with a wide range of disabilities to be a part of the design process.Today, we’ll talk about how she came up with the idea of combining virtual reality and autonomy, and how the consumers it benefits are instrumental in making these designs function for everyone. You’ll also hear about the use cases where the virtual design process has been successful on the ground.Some Questions I Ask:What inspired you to help people with disabilities gain better access to mobility using autonomous vehicles? (3:20)When did you recognize that virtual reality could play a part in designing and helping autonomous vehicles help people with disabilities? (5:07)What was your role at HFM in the design process? (11:56)How do you understand what’s needed when designing vehicle interiors? (16:40)How close does virtual reality actually get to what you ultimately create in hardware? (23:39)What You’ll Learn in this Episode:Why the traditional design process doesn’t account for the needs of people with disabilities (5:50)How the modular vehicle platform widened the realm of accessibility (9:22)Use cases that helped seniors with limited mobility get from A to B, and helped students stay connected when getting around on campus (14:11)How virtual reality is used to design for the disabled (20:10)Connect With Sofia Lewandowski:LinkedInConnect with Ed Bernardon:LinkedInFuture Car: Driving a Lifestyle RevolutionMotorsports is speeding the way to safer urban mobilitySiemens Digital Industries Software
4/14/2021

Transportation Revolution: Autonomous Vehicle Development - Part 2

Season 2, Ep. 22
As the pace of autonomous technology brings us ever closer to a new era of transportation, the future is closer than we think. Every level of preparation and adaptation related to getting autonomous vehicles road-ready must be mapped out. This includes safety vetting through high-level testing and certification processes, a better understanding of autonomous technology on behalf of consumers, and updates to regulation and legislation.Once again I’m joined by Nand Kochhar, the Vice President of Automotive and Transportation Industry at Siemens Digital Industries Software. With his industry expertise, he’ll provide deeper insight on the various levels of autonomy, their definitions, and where we’re currently at on the autonomy spectrum with today’s technology.In this episode, we’ll also discuss AV verification, testing, validation, and how confidence in this new technology is created among consumers and companies. You’ll learn the four primary ways companies are pushing the boundaries of AV development in order to move the technology forward, and where that intersects with regulations and legislation. You’ll also get a sneak peek of how autonomy might alter the urban experience as we get closer to the future of autonomous vehicle utilization.Some Questions I Ask:How can passengers and companies be confident that vehicles are able to perform safely and comfortably? (5:51)Is the amount of physical and virtual testing happening at the same level? (9:23)What are the effects of new regulations on the future of vehicle validation and certification? (11:53)What’s the impetus behind the partnerships that have formed among industry competitors? (21:40)What are the values and challenges of remote monitoring? (34:36)How are business challenges accelerating or holding back emerging trends of autonomy? (40:05)How critical are autonomous vehicles to the mobility-as-a-service concept? (44:14)In This Episode You Will Learn:The five levels of vehicle autonomy and how they’re defined (1:08)Understanding the vehicle components and how they relate to one another (13:46)The physics based simulation model (17:42)How we can push the boundaries of autonomy and continue to develop the technology (29:19)How society as a whole can prepare for an autonomous future (32:31)Securing the autonomous framework (36:20)How AV’s navigate cities (41:32)Let’s Connect!LinkedInA&TGraphic WebsiteConnect With Nand Kochhar:LinkedInEmail: nand.kochhar@gmail.com