157: The Road to Kadesh
Keeping up with the Kadeshians. In the past, historians thought the Egyptian government was passive (or even "pacifist") in the days of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun, and Ay. However, newer research has proved this wrong. We now have a fragmentary, but fascinating picture of warfare and diplomacy, taking place through Canaan and Syria. The town of Kadesh, on the Orontes River, is prominent. Once a vassal to pharaoh, the city suffered an attack by Hittite forces. It then changed sides, paying tribute to Suppiluliuma, King of the Land of Hatti. In the later years of Tutankhamun, or the early reign of Ay, the Egyptians responded to Kadesh's treachery...Episode details:Date: c.1334 BCE (debated).Kings: Tutankhamun and Ay (debated).Battle scene of Tutankhamun: learn more in a free lecture by W. Raymond Johnson (YouTube). Battle reliefs discussion begins at 51:29.Episode logo: A statue, presumed to be Ay, in the Staatliche Museum, Berlin. Image upscaled, cropped, and edited.Music: "War Song," by Bettina Joy de Guzman www.bettinajoydeguzman.com. Used with permission.Music: "King Tut's Song," by Jeffrey Goodman www.jeffreygoodmanmusic.com. Used with permission.Sistrum sound effect by Hathor Systrum www.hathorsystrum.com. Used with permission.Additional music interludes by Luke Chaos https://twitter.com/Luke_Chaos.For references and images related to this and other episodes, visit www.egyptianhistorypodcast.com.Support the show at www.patreon.com/egyptpodcast, or with a donation.