The History of Egypt Podcast


153b: The Tomb of Tutankhamun (Part 2)

Shrines and Painting. Tutankhamun's Burial Chamber is a beautiful space. The decorations, though "simple," convey a meaningful series of events. The King's ascent to the sky, his entry to Osiris' kingdom, and his meeting with various gods, forms a beautiful journey in the afterlife. Also, the King's shrines (wood and gold) are decorated with complex and fascinating texts. In these chapters, we explore the first set of Tutankhamun's burial equipment...

Episode Chapters

  • Chapter 6: The King of the Golden Hall
  • Chapter 7: The Portraits in the West

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157b: Warlords

Horemheb and Hatti. In the days of King Ay (and Tutankhamun before him) conflicts in Canaan and Syria remained a constant issue. In recent years, scholars have uncovered more information about these events and people. Horemheb, the Overseer of the Overseers of the Troops (aka the General of Generals) seems to have dealt, and fought, with Hittite forces. The records are fragmentary, but the clues are intriguing...Episode details:Date: c.1334 BCE (debated).Kings: Tutankhamun and Ay (debated).Episode logo: Foreigners praising the cartouche of Ay, from a piece of gold foil discovered in the Valley of the Kings. Image edited for clarity.Music: Ancient rendition of "The Eve of the War," adapted by Luke Chaos "War Song of Horus and Sekhmet," by Jeffrey Goodman music interludes by Luke Chaos references:T. Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites (2005).H. Güterbock, ‘The Deeds of Suppiluliuma as Told by His Son, Mursili II’ (1956), 41—68, 75—98, 107—30.G. T. Martin, Tutankhamun’s Regent: Scenes and Texts from the Memphite Tomb of Horemheb (2016).J. L. Miller, ‘Amarna Age Chronology and the Identity of Nibxururiya in the Light of a Newly Reconstructed Hittite Text’ (2007), 252—93. Read free on Academia.eduJ. L. Miller, ‘The Rebellion of Ḫatti’s Syrian Vassals and Egypt’s Meddling In Amurru’, Studi micenei ed egeo-anatolici (2008), 533—554. Read free on Academia.eduZ. Simon, ‘Kann Armā mit Haremhab gleichgesetzt werden?’ (2009), 340—348. Read free on Academia.eduAdditional references at

157: The Road to Kadesh

Keeping up with the Kadeshians. In the past, historians thought the Egyptian government was passive (or even "pacifist") in the days of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun, and Ay. However, newer research has proved this wrong. We now have a fragmentary, but fascinating picture of warfare and diplomacy, taking place through Canaan and Syria. The town of Kadesh, on the Orontes River, is prominent. Once a vassal to pharaoh, the city suffered an attack by Hittite forces. It then changed sides, paying tribute to Suppiluliuma, King of the Land of Hatti. In the later years of Tutankhamun, or the early reign of Ay, the Egyptians responded to Kadesh's treachery...Episode details:Date: c.1334 BCE (debated).Kings: Tutankhamun and Ay (debated).Battle scene of Tutankhamun: learn more in a free lecture by W. Raymond Johnson (YouTube). Battle reliefs discussion begins at 51:29.Episode logo: A statue, presumed to be Ay, in the Staatliche Museum, Berlin. Image upscaled, cropped, and edited.Music: "War Song," by Bettina Joy de Guzman Used with permission.Music: "King Tut's Song," by Jeffrey Goodman Used with permission.Sistrum sound effect by Hathor Systrum Used with permission.Additional music interludes by Luke Chaos references and images related to this and other episodes, visit the show at, or with a donation.