The History of Egypt Podcast


157b: Warlords

Horemheb and Hatti. In the days of King Ay (and Tutankhamun before him) conflicts in Canaan and Syria remained a constant issue. In recent years, scholars have uncovered more information about these events and people. Horemheb, the Overseer of the Overseers of the Troops (aka the General of Generals) seems to have dealt, and fought, with Hittite forces. The records are fragmentary, but the clues are intriguing...Episode details:Date: c.1334 BCE (debated).Kings: Tutankhamun and Ay (debated).Episode logo: Foreigners praising the cartouche of Ay, from a piece of gold foil discovered in the Valley of the Kings. Image edited for clarity.Music: Ancient rendition of "The Eve of the War," adapted by Luke Chaos "War Song of Horus and Sekhmet," by Jeffrey Goodman music interludes by Luke Chaos references:T. Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites (2005).H. Güterbock, ‘The Deeds of Suppiluliuma as Told by His Son, Mursili II’ (1956), 41—68, 75—98, 107—30.G. T. Martin, Tutankhamun’s Regent: Scenes and Texts from the Memphite Tomb of Horemheb (2016).J. L. Miller, ‘Amarna Age Chronology and the Identity of Nibxururiya in the Light of a Newly Reconstructed Hittite Text’ (2007), 252—93. Read free on Academia.eduJ. L. Miller, ‘The Rebellion of Ḫatti’s Syrian Vassals and Egypt’s Meddling In Amurru’, Studi micenei ed egeo-anatolici (2008), 533—554. Read free on Academia.eduZ. Simon, ‘Kann Armā mit Haremhab gleichgesetzt werden?’ (2009), 340—348. Read free on Academia.eduAdditional references at

157: The Road to Kadesh

Keeping up with the Kadeshians. In the past, historians thought the Egyptian government was passive (or even "pacifist") in the days of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun, and Ay. However, newer research has proved this wrong. We now have a fragmentary, but fascinating picture of warfare and diplomacy, taking place through Canaan and Syria. The town of Kadesh, on the Orontes River, is prominent. Once a vassal to pharaoh, the city suffered an attack by Hittite forces. It then changed sides, paying tribute to Suppiluliuma, King of the Land of Hatti. In the later years of Tutankhamun, or the early reign of Ay, the Egyptians responded to Kadesh's treachery...Episode details:Date: c.1334 BCE (debated).Kings: Tutankhamun and Ay (debated).Battle scene of Tutankhamun: learn more in a free lecture by W. Raymond Johnson (YouTube). Battle reliefs discussion begins at 51:29.Episode logo: A statue, presumed to be Ay, in the Staatliche Museum, Berlin. Image upscaled, cropped, and edited.Music: "War Song," by Bettina Joy de Guzman Used with permission.Music: "King Tut's Song," by Jeffrey Goodman Used with permission.Sistrum sound effect by Hathor Systrum Used with permission.Additional music interludes by Luke Chaos references and images related to this and other episodes, visit the show at, or with a donation.

153c: The Tomb of Tutankhamun (Part 3)

Coffins, Masks, and a Mummy. Within his Burial Chamber, Tutankhamun slept amid gold, glass, wood, and precious stone. His mummy is an extraordinary find, covered with ornaments, amulets, ceremonial clothing, and even weapons. From the famous image of his mummy mask, to a dagger made of "sky rock," the King's body reveals many tantalising stories...Episode Chapters:Eight: In the House of Tutankhamun 00:00:10Nine: The Face of the Pharaoh 00:31:15Epilogue: A Curious Dagger 01:02:35Episode LinksNicholas Reeves' discussions of the Mummy mask, and its possible ownership. Article 1, 2015, and Article 2, 2015.For the full archive of Harry Burton’s photographs, showing the tomb of Tutankhamun in its original state, see the Griffith Institute website.Date: 1922 CE.Logo image: Tutankhamun and the Royal Ka before Osiris. FactumArte.Music by Keith Zizza by Michael Levy by Ancient Lyric interludes by Luke Chaos mixing/editing by Vincent Cavanagh.See other shows from the Agora Podcast Network.Episode details:Date: c. 1922 CEKing: Neb-kheperu-Ra Tut-ankh-AmunLogo image:Music by Keith Zizza Michael Levy by Ancient Lyric interludes by Luke Chaos mixing/editing by Vincent CavanaghSee other shows from the Agora Podcast Network