cover art for 74.7 The Balkan Wars 1912-13

A History of Europe, Key Battles

74.7 The Balkan Wars 1912-13

An analogy often given to the Balkans leading up to the First World War is a tinderbox, awaiting a flame to ignite it and set off a major conflagration across Europe. In fact, the region suffered a large-scale conflict already two years before the First World War began.

Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro had all acquired their independence from the Ottoman Empire over the course of the 19th century. None of them, however, were happy with the territory under their control. Each aspired to lands still under Ottoman rule in Albania, Macedonia and Thrace.

Music composed by Frederic Chopin (The Polish Dancer)

Picture - King George I of Greece and Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria at Thessaloniki

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