cover art for Confucius' Moral Philosophy

Philosophy Pod

Confucius' Moral Philosophy

Ep. 27

In this episode, we look the moral philosophy of one of the most influential thinkers in history, Confucius.  We'll discuss  his key concepts of Ren, Li and Junzi, his influence on Asian society and cultural values, as well as, the difference between his views and those of the Ancient Greek philosophers.  Lastly, we'll talk about some of the criticisms of his philosophy and the attempt to overturn his influence on Chinese thought during the end of the 20th century.  

Support the Show.

More episodes

View all episodes

  • 32. Girard on Mimetic Desire

    In this episode, we explore René Girard's concept of mimetic desire, which posits that human desires are imitative, influenced by observing and emulating others, leading to rivalry and conflict. This idea is central to his interdisciplinary work, which explores how mimetic desire underpins social dynamics, violence, and the scapegoat mechanism. Despite criticisms of being overly deterministic and lacking empirical evidence, Girard's theory remains influential in understanding human behavior and cultural phenomena.
  • 31. Hume's Problem of Induction

    In this episode, we explore David Hume's Problem of Induction and its implication for scientific inquiry, epistemology and causation.
  • 30. Camus on the Absurd

    In this episode, we explore Albert Camus, a pivotal figure in 20th-century French philosophy, who introduced the concept of "the absurd," a fundamental conflict inherent in the human condition. His philosophy asserts that life is devoid of intrinsic meaning, yet humans instinctively seek order and purpose, leading to an inevitable clash with the indifferent universe. Camus' exploration of the absurd challenges individuals to embrace this tension without resort to false hopes, advocating for a life of integrity and defiance despite existential uncertainties.Support the Show.
  • 29. Epicurus on Death

    In this episode, we explore Epicurus, the ancient Greek philosopher who founded Epicureanism, offering a revolutionary view on death that continues to influence modern existential thought. Central to his philosophy is the assertion that "death is nothing to us." For Epicurus, this was not a mere dismissal of life's value but a profound statement about the nature of existence and non-existence. He argued that all sensations, including pain and pleasure, are rooted in experience; since death signifies the end of all sensory experience, it should not be feared. Support the Show.
  • 28. Philosophy of Mind

    In this episode, we explore the branch of philosophy known as philosophy of mind.  We'll discuss famous thinkers on the subject, areas of inquiry as well as important theories.  Lastly, we'll talk about the important implications of this field and its future development.  Support the Show.
  • 26. Foucault on Power

    In this episode, we explore Michel Foucault's view of power, which diverge significantly from traditional theories that conceptualize power as a commodity or structure possessed by certain entities (e.g., the state, ruling classes).  Power, in Foucault's view, is exercised rather than owned, manifesting itself through practices, institutions, and discourses that condition human behavior and thought.  Such an example demonstrates Foucault's insight that power is everywhere, not because it embraces everything, but because it comes from everywhere. Support the Show.
  • 24. Arendt on Totalitarianism

    In this episode, we'll explore Hannah Arendt's theory of totalitarianism.  Hannah Arendt, a prominent 20th-century political theorist, explored the nature and origins of totalitarianism extensively. She argued that totalitarian regimes, exemplified by Nazi Germany and Stalinist Soviet Union, thrived on isolation, terror, and the eradication of individual freedoms, aiming to dominate every aspect of life and to obliterate the distinction between public and private spheres. Arendt highlighted the unprecedented nature of totalitarianism, emphasizing its use of ideology and the mobilization of mass support to achieve total control over both the state and the individual, leading to the total domination of human beings.Support the Show.
  • 25. Aristotle's Metaphysics

    Aristotle's metaphysics, a foundational branch of Western philosophy, delves into the fundamental nature of reality, exploring concepts such as substance, essence, form, matter, and the causes of being. Through this inquiry, Aristotle establishes a comprehensive framework that addresses the relationships between potentiality and actuality, form and matter, and the hierarchical structuring of the natural world, laying the groundwork for subsequent metaphysical thought.Support the Show.