63 Degrees North


Sneak peak

Season 100

Ever wonder what's happening in some of the more far-flung places on the planet? In 63 Degrees North, we'll bring you stories from Norway every week about surprising science, little-known history, and technology and engineering discoveries that can help change the world. The first of five episodes drops February 1. Brought to you by NTNU, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

More Episodes


Not enough COVID-19 tests? No problem, we'll make them!

Season 1, Ep. 4
Not enough COVID-19 tests? No problem, we’ll make some!When the coronavirus first transformed from a weird respiratory disease centered in Wuhan, China to a global pandemic, no one was really prepared. Worldwide, no one had enough masks, personal protective gear and definitely — not enough tests.The problem was especially acute in places like Norway, a small country that had to compete on a global market to get anything and everything.What happened when a molecular biologist, some engineers and a couple of PhDs and postdocs put their heads together to design a completely different kind of coronavirus test — and how it changed lives in India, Denmark and Nepal. This last country was given coronavirus tests as NTNU’s annual Christmas gift, in coordination with a volunteer organization called NepalimedNorway.Our guests on today’s show are Magnar Bjørås, Sulalit Bandyopadhyay, Vegar Ottesen, Anuvansh Sharma and Tonje Steigedal.There's a transcript for today's show here.You can read more in detail about the tests here: https://www.ntnu.edu/ntnu-covid-19-testAnd here is a list of articles from NTNU and SINTEF’s online research magazine, Norwegian SciTech News:NTNU’s new COVID-19 test to be used in India and DenmarkNTNU establishes a factory to produce coronavirus testsFrom thousands of tiny balls to 150,000 tests per weekThis episode was written, recorded, edited and produced by Nancy Bazilchuk. Sound design and editorial assistance from Randi Lillealtern at Historiebruket.

The Longship that could help save the planet

Season 1, Ep. 3
Everyone knows there’s just too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere — and we’re heating up the planet at an unprecedented pace.More than 20 years ago, Norwegians helped pioneer an approach to dealing with CO2that’s still ongoing today— they captured it and pumped it into a rock formation deep under the sea.Now the Norwegian government is building on those decades of experience with a large-scale carbon capture and storage project called Longship.Will it work? Is it safe? And is it something that other countries can benefit from, too?Our guests for this episode wereOlavBolland,Philip RingroseandMonaMølnvik.You can find the transcript of the episode here.More resources/reading:OlavBolland’sbook:Nord, Lars O.;Bolland, Olav. (2020) Carbon Dioxide Emission Management in Power Generation. Wiley-VCHVerlagsgesellschaft. 2020. ISBN 978-3-527-34753-7.You can read the White Paper from the Norwegian government aboutthe Longship project here.Here’s a press releasefrom 15 December 2020thatreports on the NorwegianStorting’sfunding approval for the Longship project.This link takes you to a transcript, inEnglish, from the press conference from 21 September 2020in which Norwegian officials announce the Longship plan.Here’s theofficial website for the Longship CCSproject.You can readabout the Norwegian CCS Research Centrethat MonaMølnvikis head of here.An older, butstill goodvideo aboutSleipnerhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KG5_WSXj1pI&t=271s Philip Ringrose’sgroup’s most recent videohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pAAb1S4bqks&t=28s A e-lecture by Philip Ringrose about CCShttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eozVdrvejDs&t=400s Selected popular science and scientific articlesIf the world can capture carbon, there’s capacity to store it.Norwegian SciTech News, 13 December 2019The world doesn’t realise how much we need CO2storage. Norwegian SciTech News, 5 December 2016Carbon capture and storage essential to reach climate target.Norwegian SciTech News, 7 April 2014https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2013-09-20/norway-drops-moon-landing-as-mongstad-carbon-capture-scrappedRingrose, Philip; Meckel, T A. (2019) Maturing global CO2 storage resources on offshore continental margins to achieve 2DS emissions reductions. Scientific Reports.9 (1).Grethe Tangen, ErikG.B. Lindeberg, ArvidNøttvedt, Svein Eggen.(2014)Large-scale Storage of CO2 on the Norwegian Shelf Enabling CCS Readiness in Europe,Energy Procedia,vol.51, pp.326-333Mai Bui, Claire S.Adjiman, AndreBardowet al.(2018)Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): the way forward. Energy Environ. Sci . 11, 1062From the summary for policymakers,IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5C(2018):“All pathways that limit global warming to 1.5°C with limited or no overshoot project the use of carbon dioxide removal (CDR) on the order of 100–1000 GtCO2 over the 21st century. CDR would be used to compensate for residual emissions and, in most cases, achieve net negative emissions to return global warming to 1.5°C following a peak (high confidence). CDR deployment of several hundreds of GtCO2 is subject to multiple feasibility and sustainability constraints (high confidence). Significant near-term emissions reductions and measures to lower energy and land demand can limit CDR deployment to a few hundred GtCO2 without reliance on bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) (high confidence).”

Viking raiders stole this box. But the real surprise is what they did with it!

Season 1, Ep. 2
It’s no bigger than four decks of cards stacked one on top of the other — a tiny box raided from an Irish church. In Ireland, the box held the holy remains of a saint.What a mound of sand, some leftover nails and the box itself tell us about the Viking raiders who stole it — and what they did with it when they brought it back to Norway.Our guests for this episode were Aina Heen-Pettersen, a PhD candidate at NTNU, and Griffin Murray, who is a lecturer in the Department of Archaeology at University College Cork.The reliquary itself is at NTNU’s University Museum in Trondheim. You can see it virtually if you register to view the museum’s Online Collections and search for “shrine”.A transcript of today’s show is available here.Here are some of the academic articles on the reliquary research:Heen-Pettersen, A. (2019). The Earliest Wave of Viking Activity? The Norwegian Evidence Revisited.European Journal of Archaeology,22(4), 523-541. doi:10.1017/eaa.2019.19Pettersen, Aina Margrethe Heen.(2018)Objects from a distant place: transformation and use of Insular mounts from Viking-Age burials in Trøndelag, Central Norway.Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History.vol. 21.Pettersen, Aina Margrethe Heen; Murray, Griffin.(2018)An Insular Reliquary from Melhus: The Significance of Insular Ecclesiastical Material in Early Viking- Age Norway.Medieval Archaeology.vol. 62 (1).Pettersen, Aina Margrethe Heen.(2014)Insular artefacts from Viking-Age burials from mid-Norway. A review of contact between Trøndelag and Britain and Ireland.Internet Archaeology.vol. 38.And here are the books that are mentioned in the podcast:Brunning, S. (2019).The Sword in Early Medieval Northern Europe: Experience, Identity, Representation. Boydell & Brewer. doi:10.1017/9781787444560Etting, V. (2013) The Story of the Drinking Horn: Drinking Culture in Scandinavia During the Middle AgesVolume 21 of Publications from the National Museum / Studies in archaeology & history: Publications from the National Museum,ISSN0909-9506Lowenthal, D. (2015). The Past is a Foreign Country — Revisited. Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9781139024884A transcript of today’s show is available here.