5 Minute Kevius with Rabbi Avigdor Milller

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Welcome to the Five Minute Kevius ProgramFollow our podcast that consists of a five minute audio clip of Mesechos Makkos from Rabbi Miller every day!Rabbi Miller placed a strong emphasis on reciting the words of the gema
Latest Episode7/7/2020

*29.3 Makkos Daf 19 B (15 lines Dn)*

*29.3 Makkos Daf 19 B (15 lines Dn)**Summary**Clarification: Where is it taught* that _maaser sheini_ cannot be eaten when *it is tamei?* _(When the eater is is tamei is a clear possuk, the question is when the maaser is tamei)._*Answer:* The _possuk_ says “You cannot eat _maaser sheini_ *in your cities”.* Another _possuk_ states: *“In your cities* you can eat (a _baal mum_ ) one who is tamei together with one who is _tahor”._*Tanna d’bei Rabbi Yishmael: They can eat together from the same plate* _(even though the meat will become tamei)._The similar words “in your cities” teach that what is permissible regarding a _baal mum (eating tamei food)_ is *forbidden regarding _maaser sheini_* _(it cannot be eaten when it becomes tamei).__Thus it is established that when the mishna (20.2) states: “One who eats maaser sheini which was not redeemed”, it is referring to maaser that is in Yerushalayim [the mishna 26.2 refers to maaser that is outside of Yerushalayim] but has not been redeemed._*Challenge: How do we know that it can be redeemed?* _[The possuk says “lo suchal se’eiso” - If one cannot carry up all his maaser to Yerushalayim, he may redeem it and take its monetary value instead. But here we’re learning that even if it was already carried up to Yerushalayim he can still redeem it, if it is tamei and cannot be eaten]._*Resolution: Rabbi Elazar:* _Maaser sheini_ which became _tamei_ can be redeemed even in Yerushalayim based on the _possuk_ *_“lo suchal se’eiso”._ The word se’eis can mean eating as well,* as we find it regarding the meal Yosef served his brothers.

*28.6 Makkos Daf 19 A (12 lines Up)*

*28.6 Makkos Daf 19 A (12 lines Up)*We learned a _beraisa_ (28.4) regarding the permissibility of eating _maaser sheini_ in Yerushalayim after the _churban._ In 28.6 it was explained that since the _zerikah_ of a _bechor_ requires a _mizbeach,_ we learn a _hekesh_ that eating the _bechor_ also requires a _mizbeach_*Summary**Challenge:* If we hold _*“Kedusha rishona kidsha l’asid lavo”*_ that Yerushalayim maintains its _kedusha_ even after the _churban,_ then Bechor *would* be permissible nowadays _[we can build a mizbeach and bring it as a korban]._If we hold *_“Kedusha rishona kidsha l’shaata''_* that Yerushalayim lost its kedusha after the _churban,_ then the permissibility of _Bechor_ *is the same question* as _maaser sheini!_*Ravina:* We hold that *Yerushalayim lost its _kedusha._* But there is no question that the bechor is forbidden, because we’re discussing a specific case of *a _bechor_ which had _zerikah_ before the _churban._* Since the _zerikah_ was with a _mizbeach_ we learn by means of a _hekesh_ that it must also be eaten with a _mizbeach_ [which is no longer possible]._(Our question is; may we eat maaser sheini in Yerushalayim nowadays when there is no mizbeach? But maaser sheini doesn’t need a mizbeach. We thus compare it to a case of a bechor which doesn’t need a mizbeach either - because any avodah was already done before the churban. Since that bechor is forbidden, we learn that maaser is also forbidden)._