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Listen to a daily 10 minute Gemara audio clip from Rabbi Miller ZTL.

Welcome to BNEI AVIGDOR!Follow our podcast that consists of a 10 minute audio clip of Gemara from Rabbi Miller ZTL every day!Rabbi Miller placed a strong emphasis on reciting the words of the gemara out loud. So please t
Latest Episode11/11/2020

4.4 - Sukkah Daf 06 A (4 lines Dn)

Today’s learning sponsored bySponsor a day's learning (thousands of minutes!) for only $72 click herehttps://www.flipcause.com/secure/cause_pdetails/ODUwOTUShiurin, Chatzitzin and Mechitzin are halacha leMoshe miSinai.Challenge: Aren’t Shiurin mentioned in the Torah in the possuk “A land of wheat, barley, grapevines, figs, pomegranates, a land of olive oil and date honey”.SummaryBarley teaches the law of a bone. As we learn in a mishna:“A bone the size of a barley grain is metamei one who touches or moves it but not by ohel”.Grapevines teaches the law of a Nazir. As we learn in a mishna:“The tendrils of a vine are forbidden to a Nazir in the amount of a revi’is of wine (they’re measured as if they would be a liquid with the viscous consistency of wine)”.Figs teaches the law of Shabbos. As we learn in a mishna:“A dried fig’s volume of food is considered substantial regarding carrying on Shabbos”.Pomegranates teaches the law of Tumah. As we learn in a mishna:“Wooden utensils of private individuals lose their tumah status when they have a hole the size of a pomegranate”.A land of Olive oil teaches “A land in which all shiurin are like olives”Challenge: What about all shiurin mentioned up until now? They are not ‘kezeisim’ - like olives?Resolution: It means “A land in which most shiurin are like olives”Date honey teaches the law of Yom Kippur. As we learn in a mishna:“A large date is the amount one eats on Yom Kippur to be liable for kareis.”So we see that all the shiurin are mentioned in the Torah.Challenge: Are the shiurin actually recorded by the Torah? (The Torah is discussing the benefits of Eretz Yisroel, only that Chazal point out how Eretz Yisroel’s physical bounty is tied up with Torah Laws).Resolution: The shiurin are, in fact,halacha leMoshe miSinai, the verse was only brought as a support (When you’ll read the possuk, you’ll remeber the oral halachos lemoshe misinai).
11/11/2020

4.4 - Sukkah Daf 06 A (4 lines Dn)

Today’s learning sponsored bySponsor a day's learning (thousands of minutes!) for only $72 click herehttps://www.flipcause.com/secure/cause_pdetails/ODUwOTUShiurin, Chatzitzin and Mechitzin are halacha leMoshe miSinai.Challenge: Aren’t Shiurin mentioned in the Torah in the possuk “A land of wheat, barley, grapevines, figs, pomegranates, a land of olive oil and date honey”.SummaryBarley teaches the law of a bone. As we learn in a mishna:“A bone the size of a barley grain is metamei one who touches or moves it but not by ohel”.Grapevines teaches the law of a Nazir. As we learn in a mishna:“The tendrils of a vine are forbidden to a Nazir in the amount of a revi’is of wine (they’re measured as if they would be a liquid with the viscous consistency of wine)”.Figs teaches the law of Shabbos. As we learn in a mishna:“A dried fig’s volume of food is considered substantial regarding carrying on Shabbos”.Pomegranates teaches the law of Tumah. As we learn in a mishna:“Wooden utensils of private individuals lose their tumah status when they have a hole the size of a pomegranate”.A land of Olive oil teaches “A land in which all shiurin are like olives”Challenge: What about all shiurin mentioned up until now? They are not ‘kezeisim’ - like olives?Resolution: It means “A land in which most shiurin are like olives”Date honey teaches the law of Yom Kippur. As we learn in a mishna:“A large date is the amount one eats on Yom Kippur to be liable for kareis.”So we see that all the shiurin are mentioned in the Torah.Challenge: Are the shiurin actually recorded by the Torah? (The Torah is discussing the benefits of Eretz Yisroel, only that Chazal point out how Eretz Yisroel’s physical bounty is tied up with Torah Laws).Resolution: The shiurin are, in fact,halacha leMoshe miSinai, the verse was only brought as a support (When you’ll read the possuk, you’ll remeber the oral halachos lemoshe misinai).
11/11/2020

4.3 - Sukkah Daf 05 B (14 lines Up)

Today’s learning sponsored bySponsor a day's learning (thousands of minutes!) for only $72 click herehttps://www.flipcause.com/secure/cause_pdetails/ODUwOTUThe aron’s height was an amah and a half. Since an amah is 6 tefachim, the aron was 9 tefachim high. With its lid it reached 10 tefachim. Since the keruvim [referred to as schach] reached 20 tefachim, we learn that schach should be 10 tefachim higher than the floor [in the case of the aron; the lid].SummaryChallenge: This conforms with the opinion of Rabbi Meir; all amos are 6 tefachim. However Rabbi Yehuda taught that while a building amah was 6 tefachim, a keli amah was 5 tefachim!This would make the aron and its lid reach only 8.5 tefachim , thus leaving the keruvim-schach 11.5 tefachim above the lid. So the minimum height of a sukkah should be 11.5 tefachim?!Resolution: According to Rabbi Yehuda the shiur of a sukkah is a halacha leMoshe miSinai tradition.Rabbi Chiya bar Ashi quoting Rav: Shiurin, Chatzitzin and Mechitzin are halacha leMoshe miSinai.Challenge: Shiurin are mentioned in the Torah?As it states “A land of wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, a land of olive oil and date honey”. Rav Chanin:This possuk teaches shiurin.Wheat teaches the law of a tzara’as -stricken house. As we learn in a mishna:“One who enters a tzara’as -stricken house while carrying his garments, his shoes and his jewelry, they are all immediately tamei (because they all “came into the house” together). If he is wearing his garments, his shoes and his jewelry, he is tamei immediately (because he “came into the house”) but his garments, shoes and jewelry only become tamei after being in the house for the duration of time it takes to eat (“he who eats in the house must immerse his garments”. “Eating in the possuk is understood to mean) half a loaf of wheat bread, with an accompaniment while reclining.
11/9/2020

4.1 - Sukkah Daf 05 A (10 lines Up)

Today’s learning sponsored by Zevy HoltzIn honor of the Bnei Avigdor Gemara MentorsSponsor a day's learning (thousands of minutes!) for only $72 click herehttps://www.flipcause.com/secure/cause_pdetails/ODUwOTURabbi Chanina: The Torah provides measurements for all Mishkan objects except for the thickness of the aron’s lid, so we learn it from the smallest measurement given for anything in the mishkan; the height of the misgeres; one tefach.Challenge: Why learn from the misgeres? Learn from one of the keilim?!Resolution: “If you take hold of too much, you may be left with nothing. If you take hold of the least, you’re left with it.”SummaryChallenge: We can learn the lid’s size from the small tzitz.Beraisa: The tzitz was a golden plate, two fingerbreadths wide. It would surround the forehead from ear to ear. It was inscribed with two lines. The top line had Hashem’s name on it while underneath it, it read “Holy to” (Holy to was at the beginning of the bottom line and Hashem’s name was at the end of the top line, when read from right to left, it said “Holy to Hashem” only that the name of Hashem was raised).Rabbi Eliezer b’Rabbi Yosi: I saw the tzitz in Rome, and it was written in one line.Resolution: The lid was a keili, so we learn its dimensions from the misgeres which is also a keili rather than from the tzitz which was a personal ornament. (Personal ornaments are always small).Challenge: We can learn the lid’s size from the small zeir.Resolution: The zeir is only an accessory to a keili, it cannot be considered a keili.Challenge: The misgeres was also an accessory?Resolution: We follow the opinion that the misgeres was not a rim on top of the shulchan as the zeir was to the mizbeach. Rather, it was part of the keili below.Challenge: What about the other opinion?Resolution: The measurements of the tzitz and zeir are not specified by the Torah. We can only learn from the misgeres whose size is specified. (Although the tzitz’s size is specified by Torah sheBaal Peh, we cannot interpret a Torah law by what we know of Torah sheBaal Peh elsewhere.)Rav Huna: The possuk states: “On the face of the lid”. A ‘face’ is at least a tefach.Challenge: Perhaps it was the size of the face of Bar Yochni (a giant bird of antiquity like the pterodactyl)?Resolution: “If you take hold of too much, you may be left with nothing.”Challenge: Perhaps it was the size of a small bird, smaller than a tefach?Rav Acha bar Yaakov: Rav Huna derived the measurement from a gezeirah shaveh. It states “The face of the lid” and “The face of his father Yitzchok”, so it means the face of a human being.Challenge: The possuk also states “Like the face of Elokim”?Resolution: “If you take hold of too much, you may be left with nothing.”Challenge: The possuk also states “The face of the Keruvim”?Rav Acha bar Yaakov: Indeed, Rav Huna learns from here, because a Keruv’s face is a tefach.Question: What is a “Keruv”?Response: The likeness of a child. In Bavel a child is called Ravya; Keruv is “keravya”.
11/8/2020

3.6 - Sukkah Daf 04 B (3 lines Up)

Today’s learning sponsored bySponsor a day's learning (thousands of minutes!) for only $72 click herehttps://www.flipcause.com/secure/cause_pdetails/ODUwOTUSummaryThe aron habris was 9 tefachim high with a tefach lid; in all it was ten tefachim high. It’s written “I will meet with you there and speak with you from over the lid”. We learn that the shechina is above 10 tefachim.Beraisa:Rabbi Yosi: The Shechina never came down below; Moshe and Eliyahu never ascended on high (it means; as high as they went, the shechina remained higher), as it states “The heavens are for Hashem and he gave the Earth to man”.There is a discussion in the gemara later whether the word “sukkos” in the Torah refers to sukkos or to the ananei kavod but everyone agrees that our sukkos commemorate the ananei kavod as well. The ananei hakavod represented the shechina which is above 10 tefachim, so sukkos must also be more than 10 tefachim.Challenge: Isn’t it written “Hashem came down upon Har Sinai”?Resolution: It means above 10 tefachim.Challenge: Isn’t it written “His feet [the shechina] will stand that day on Har Hazeisim”?Resolution: It means above 10 tefachim.Challenge: Isn’t it written “Moshe ascended to Elokim”?Resolution: He remained 10 tefachim below the shechina.Challenge: Isn’t it written “Eliyahu went up to the heavens”?Resolution: He remained 10 tefachim below the shechina.Challenge: The possuk states “Me’acheiz” and “Parsheiz”. Rabbi Tanchum explains “Sh-dai spread the brilliance of his shechina and his cloud over Moshe”.Resolution: He remained 10 tefachim below the shechina.Challenge: The word “Me’acheiz” means that he “grasped” the kisei hakavod?Resolution: The kisei was lowered below 10 tefachim but it was still higher.Question: The aron was 9 tefachim; this is stated by the possuk “Its height: an amah (6 tefachim) and a half”. But where do we learn that the lid was a tefach?Answer: Beraisa: Rabbi Chanina: The Torah provides measurements for all Mishkan objects except for the thickness of the lid, so we learn it from the smallest measurement given for anything in the mishkan; the height of the misgeres; one tefach.Challenge: Why learn from the misgeres? Learn from one of the keilim?!Resolution: “If you take hold of too much, you may be left with nothing. If you take hold of the least, you’re left with it.”
11/5/2020

3.5 - Sukkah Daf 04 B (Middle line)

Today’s learning sponsored bySponsor a day's learning (thousands of minutes!) for only $72 click herehttps://www.flipcause.com/secure/cause_pdetails/ODUwOTUBeraisa: If one placed four poles on a roof and covered the frame with schach: According to Rabbi Yaakov, it is a kosher sukkah. According to the Chachomim, it is possul.Rav Huna: The poles are placed on the corners of the roof. This is thus a debate of whether ‘gud asik’ applies to sukkah or not.Rav Nachman: The poles are not at the edges of the roof. The debate is whether we can apply the principle of ‘pasei bira’os’ and consider these poles ‘dyumadim’.SummaryChallenge to Rav Huna:Beraisa: If one stuck four poles in the earth and covered the frame with schach:Rabbi Yaakov: It is a kosher sukkah.Chachomim: It is possul.We see that there is a debate even in a case where the poles are not at the edges of a roof.Challenge to Rav Huna:If there was a debate about gud asik, the beraisa would discuss a case of poles at the edges of a roof. Since the beraisa records no debate on this issue, it would seem all agree that it is possible to apply gud asik to sukkah!Rav Huna: Actually the debate is about gud asik as well.The reason the beraisa does not discuss gud asik, is to emphasize Rabbi Yaakov’s position that a sukkah made of just poles can be kosher without building it on the edge of a roof and resorting to gud asik.A ‘dyumad’ is a ‘corner board’; a board with two edges at a 90 degree angle. We’ve been talking about using a pole as a dyumad. The gemara will now explore how a pole becomes a ‘corner board’.Beraisa: If one stuck four poles in the earth and covered the frame with schach:Rabbi Yaakov: If a right angle with a tefach in each direction can be cut out from these poles, they are considered dyumadim and it is a kosher sukkah. Rabbi Yaakov holds that dyumadim for a sukkah only need to be one tefach.Chachomim: The sukkah must have two kosher walls and then the third may be just one tefach.Rav and Rabbi Chanina, Rabbi Yochanan and Rav Chaviva taught:In seder Moed whenever the latter two appear Rabbi Yochanan must be swapped out for Rabbi Yonason:The aron habris was 9 tefachim high with a tefach lid; in all it was ten tefachim high. It’s written “I will meet with you there and speak with you from over the lid”.We learn that the shechina is above 10 tefachim. We will see that the ananei hakavod were like the shechina and that’s why the schach must be 10 tefachim high.KACH MAGI’IMTHE BOOK THAT WILL TRAIN YOU TO LEARNTHE ENTIRE TORAH“Making the Entire Torah Attainable for ALL”AVAILABLE IN ENGLISH AND HEBREWORDER YOURS ONLINE CLICK HERE OR CALL/TEXT 732-691-2907
11/5/2020

3.4 - Sukkah Daf 04 B (10 lines Dn)

Today’s learning sponsored byKACH MAGI’IMTHE BOOK THAT WILL TRAIN YOU TO LEARNTHEENTIRETORAH“Making the Entire Torah Attainable for ALL”AVAILABLE IN ENGLISH AND HEBREWORDER YOURS ONLINE CLICK HERE OR CALL/TEXT 732-691-2907Sponsor a day's learning(thousands of minutes!) for only $72 click herehttps://www.flipcause.com/secure/cause_pdetails/ODUwOTUAbayye proposed: We can apply the principle of Gud asik mechitzta. (This is a rule in hilchos Shabbos allowing for imaginary walls to be drawn as a continuation of existing walls).Rava to Abayye: A sukkah requires actual walls.SummaryBeraisa: If one placed four poles on a roof and covered the frame with schach:Rabbi Yaakov: It is a kosher sukkah.Chachomim: It is possul.Rav Huna: The poles are placed on the corners of the roof. This is thus a debate of whether ‘gud asik’ applies to sukkah or not.According to Rabbi Yaakov the walls of the house can be ‘drawn up’ to fill in the spaces between the poles, whereas the Chachomim disagree (like Rava 3.3).Rav Nachman: The poles are not at the edges of the roof. The debate is whether we can apply the principle of ‘pasei bira’os’ and consider these poles ‘dyumadim’ (with regard to ‘bira’os’ - wells - Chazal established a system of ‘pasim’ or ‘dyumadim’ to enable water to be drawn on Shabbos. If there is one amah of dyumad on four sides, the well in its center is considered to be inside a walled domain and water may be drawn from there).According to Rabbi Yaakov the poles are considered dyumadim (and a dyumad of just one tefach is sufficient for a sukkah), whereas the Chachomim disagree.Question: What would Rav Nachman say in a case where the poles are placed on the corners of the roof? Is that also a debate between Rabbi Yaakov and the Chachomim, or do all agree that it is kosher?(Rava was a talmid of Rav Nachman. If Rav Nachman held that we can apply the principle of gud asik to sukkah, that would be a challenge to Rava, 3.3)..Response: Teiku. The matter remains unresolved.